The Electoral Integrity Project
Pippa Norris is founding director of the Electoral Integrity Project based at Harvard University and the University of Sydney. Since its inception in mid-2012, the project has focused upon three issues:
· When do elections meet international standards of electoral integrity?
· What happens when elections fail to do so?
· And what can be done to mitigate these problems?
EIP has sought to produce innovative and policy-relevant scientific research that achieves international standing in the social sciences and leads to a significant advancement of capabilities and knowledge about elections, democracy, and autocracy.
The project aims to achieve these objectives through three strategies: developing and deepening concepts and theories concerning the causes and consequences of electoral integrity; gathering valid, reliable, and generalizable empirical evidence (through expert indicators, mass surveys, experimental designs, and case-studies) monitoring and comparing electoral integrity across and within nations; and building a worldwide research community engaging scholarly and practitioner networks drawn from diverse disciplines, theoretical approaches, global regions, international organizations, and methodological techniques to advance knowledge of electoral integrity.
The EIP has established a productive track record of generating publications, datasets, and outreach activities. Since establishing the project, publications on electoral integrity by staff and visiting scholars include a dozen books, 34 peer-reviewed journal articles and edited book chapters, and eight policy reports. Special issues of Electoral Studies and the Electoral Law Journal have also been produced. These outputs have attracted more than 250 scholarly citations to EIP publications, as well as hundreds of articles in the international news media (see www.electoralintegrityproject.com).
The project has also generated many datasets which are shared in the public domain for secondary research through EIP's Dataverse. This includes the global Perceptions of Electoral Integrity (PEI) data-set which evaluates the quality of elections held around the world. Based on a rolling survey collecting the views of 3,821 election experts, this research provides independent and reliable evidence to compare whether countries meet international standards of electoral integrity. The PEI-7.0 cumulative release covers 336 national parliamentary and presidential contests held worldwide in 166 countries from 1 July 2012 to 31 December 2018. Similar survey methods are used for within countries surveys across states and provinces, such as in the U.S., Russia, India and Mexico.